Archivo de la categoría: Climate Change

Las restricciones y medidas de contención establecidas por el coronavirus suponen una reducción histórica de las emisiones de GEI chinas

«La reducción del consumo de carbón y petróleo muestra una reducción de, al menos, un 25% de las emisiones con respecto al período comparable el año pasado»

El pasado mes de diciembre fue detectado por primera vez en la ciudad china de Wuhan, capital de la provincia de Hubei, el actual brote de Coronavirus (COVID-19). Desde entonces, este brote epidémico, provocado por el virus SARS-CoV-2, se ha extendido ya de forma global reportando sintomatología similar a la una neumonía convencional y provocando ya alrededor de 3.400 muertes en todo el mundo. Si bien todavía se desconocen las consecuencias sanitarias, económicas y sociales de esta realidad, puede tener un lado positivo para el medio ambiente.

China, como foco inicial de la epidemia, es el país más afectado. Desde que se detectara el primer caso del COVID-19, además de los más de 80.000 infectados y de las más de 3.000 víctimas, la economía nacional se ha visto paralizada. Como consecuencia, según informa un reciente estudio del medio especializado Carbon Brief, las emisiones de CO2 en China se podrían haber reducido en al menos una cuarta parte. Las drásticas medidas de contención y las restricciones a la circulación para frenar la epidemia, además de provocar que las fábricas permanezcan inactivas o hayan reducido significativamente su producción, han originado que el consumo de energía y las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI) hayan disminuido en 100 millones de toneladas en comparación con el mismo período del año pasado.

Carbon Brief también analiza el descenso del número de vuelos domésticos provocado por el COVID-19 y lo cifra en una caída del 70%. Según el análisis, dichas suspensiones pueden haber supuesto un descenso de emisiones en el sector a nivel global del 11% durante las últimas semanas.

Según otro estudio, realizado esta vez por expertos del Centro de Investigación sobre Energía y Aire Limpio (CREA) con sede en Finlandia, si bien en las dos semanas siguientes a las vacaciones de Año Nuevo en 2019, China había emitido 400 millones de toneladas de CO2 equivalente, dicha cifra se reduce a cerca de 300 millones en las semanas comprendidas entre el 3 y el 16 de febrero de 2020. «La reducción del consumo de carbón y petróleo muestra una reducción de, al menos, un 25% de las emisiones con respecto al período comparable el año pasado», equivalente a una reducción del 6% de las emisiones mundiales durante el período, señala el estudio.

 

IDOM will support the IDB Invest to develop a Rating and Action Plan for Resilient Investments in Port Infrastructure

IDOM has been awarded to provide technical assistance to the INTER-AMERICAN INVESTMENT CORPORATION (“IDB Invest”) to develop a rating and action plan for resilient investments in port infrastructure in the region of Latin America and the Caribbean.

For the purpose of this consultancy, resilience in infrastructure is conceptualized as the ability of the asset to anticipate, absorb and recover from weather shocks and slow-moving changes as well as positively adapt and transform in the face of long-term stresses, change and uncertainty induced by climate change.

This consultancy will support port infrastructure developers to understand climate risks, define the business case to meet resiliency through and by project, and conceive corporate strategies to handle resiliency as early as possible in the lifespan of their assets – beyond the traditional add-on to the core design-build process. This consultancy will disclose new resiliency metrics and action plans for project sponsors to successfully adapt to climate change.

The objective of this consultancy is to develop a rating system of resiliency in port infrastructure that leads to conclude -during the financial closing phase of port infrastructure projects- an action plan to adapt port infrastructure to climate change. The specific objectives of the consultancy are to:

  • develop a resilience rating system of port infrastructure projects;
  • develop a guide for the preparation of action plans during the financial closure phase of port projects to ensure the adaptation of infrastructure to climate change;
  • test the rating system and define action plans in two or three of IDB Invest’s transactions.

The climate change team has already started, in close cooperation with the civil engineering team, to develop the first activities of this consultancy.

 

IDOM will support the World Bank’s Technical Assistance program to achieve long-term disaster and climate resilient road and bridge infrastructure in Indonesia

IDOM has recently been awarded to provide technical assistance to the World Bank’s Technical Assistance program, financed by the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, towards achieving long-term disaster-and climate-resilient road and bridge infrastructure in Indonesia. IDOM will work together with the Ministry of Public Works and Housing (MPWH), created by the Government of Indonesia (GoI). The MPWH created a Disaster Risk Management Unit (DRM) under the Sub Directorate of Environment and Road Safety to provide technical assistance to strengthen disaster risk mitigation in the road and bridge sectors.

The main objective of the project is to improve the recovery and resilience of the Indonesian road and bridge network through the review and enhancement of relevant guidelines and technical specifications, capacity development of selected technical staff, and production of communication materials.

Indonesia has suffered several natural disasters in the last years, specially in 2018 when three major catastrophic events occured. First, a series of major earthquakes in West Nusa Tenggara province, causing 561 fatalities, displacing over 396,000 people and damaging houses, schools, health facilities, bridges and roads, as well as economic losses. Second, an earthquake in the north of Palu City in Central Sulawesi caused ground shaking and tsunamis, leading to 4,402 fatalities, 170,000 displaced people and economic losses. Third, the eruption and subsequent partial collapse of Anak Krakatau Volcano led to a tsunami which affected coastal settlements in Banten and Lampung provinces along Sunda Strait, causing 437 fatalities and displacing almost 34,000 people. Major floods occurred during 2018 and 2019, causing fatalities and displaced thousands of people.

Given this context, Indonesia’s infrastructure, including road and bridges, are highly vulnerable to the aforementioned impacts. The GoI has made considerable progress in the improvement of its DRM system and, in order to continue with this enhancement, IDOM will provide inputs for strengthening the preparedness of the central governments against natural hazards (floods, landslides and earthquakes).

For more details you can contact Eduardo Pérez (epp@idom.com)

 

The importance of Industries’ emission reduction efforts to achieve Paris Agreements’ goals

The Transition Pathway Initiative (TPI) has published a Research about the progresses of industrial companies in their emission reduction goals and their alignment with the pledges of the Paris Agreement.

The TPI analyses 72 companies in Carbon Performance across paper, cement, steel and aluminium sectors; and 100 companies in Management Quality on climate across paper, cement, steel, aluminium and chemicals sectors. These are considered high-emitting industry sectors, and together produce over 2/3 of direct industrial CO2 emissions.

The main conclusions obtained from the report are:

  • Only 19% of the largest publicly listed industrial companies are aligned with a pathway to keep global warming to 2⁰C or below.
  • 29% of companies are set to align their emissions with the Paris Pledges by 2030 – up from 24% in 2018. The number of cement companies aligned with the pledges has more than doubled since 2018.
  • There has been no improvement in the carbon performance of the aluminium or steel sectors, and industry as a whole is moving too slowly to limit warming to 2⁰C or below.

Some other conclusions drawn from the report are listed below:

  • The proportion of companies disclosing their emissions has increased from 61% in 2018 to 76%. Much of this improvement comes from companies listed in Asia (specially China) and Russia.
  • More companies are setting long-term reduction targets. In 2018 only 5 industrial companies had set a 2030 target that was aligned with the Paris Pledges or better. Now 14 companies have done so.
  • Particular improvements are visible in the cement sector – where the number of companies aligned with the Paris Pledges or better has risen from 2 to 5 since 2018; and in paper, where 10 of 18 companies are now aligned with the pledges or better.
    • The steel sector has shown a significant improvement in climate management quality. Its average management quality score has risen from 1.8 in mid-2017, to 2.4 this year. However, it has not improved its Carbon Performance, with only 6 out of 24 companies still aligned with the Paris Pledges.
    • At 3.0, the chemicals sector has the highest average management quality score of all sectors assessed by TPI. Yet the largest chemicals company by market capitalisation, DowDuPont, is only on Level 1.

    Source: UNFCCC External Press Release, available at the following link: https://unfccc.int/news/most-high-emitting-industries-not-aligning-with-paris-goals

IDOM and Climate Change Atelier moved to Honduras for the 1st workshop of the project “Supporting Honduras NDC Partnership Plan: defining implementation pathways for NDC prioritized measures”

Climate Change Atelier and IDOM were awarded to support Honduras NDC Partnership Plan by defining implementation pathway for NDC prioritized measures.

The general objectives of this work consist on support the GoH in the implementation of the mitigation component of the NDC, as well as the advance implementation of the NDC Partnership Plan. Specifically, the consultancy aims to:

  • Identify barriers and opportunities for the implementation of the NDC prioritized mitigation policies and measures in the LULUCF, Energy and Agriculture sectors;
  • Develop implementation pathways for the prioritized policies and measures in the selected sectors that promote adaptation-mitigation synergies and provide recommendations to include gender aspects;
  • Build capacity on mitigation planning and implementation.

During last week (20th – 25th January), Jose Manuel Ramírez García (IDOM) and Juan José Rincón Cristobal (CC Atelier) moved to Tegucigalpa in order to carry out the first capacity building workshop of the project. In addition, they visited, with the World Bank team, other rural areas (Marcala and La Esperanza) in order to see and learn about usual and good practices related to the coffee cultivation and reforestation.

The main objectives of this mission have been:

  • Coordination meetings with the World Bank
  • Bilateral meetings with the key stakeholders to identify and define the specific interventions for implementation
  • Barriers validation workshops
  • Technical visits to Marcala and La Esperanza

The workshops had benefited from broad participation by the stakeholders, which were involved in the discussions and provided a better understanding of the national circumstances related to the prioritized mitigation projects, their legislation, the governance, etc.