«La reducción del consumo de carbón y petróleo muestra una reducción de, al menos, un 25% de las emisiones con respecto al período comparable el año pasado»
El pasado mes de diciembre fue detectado por primera vez en la ciudad china de Wuhan, capital de la provincia de Hubei, el actual brote de Coronavirus (COVID-19). Desde entonces, este brote epidémico, provocado por el virus SARS-CoV-2, se ha extendido ya de forma global reportando sintomatología similar a la una neumonía convencional y provocando ya alrededor de 3.400 muertes en todo el mundo. Si bien todavía se desconocen las consecuencias sanitarias, económicas y sociales de esta realidad, puede tener un lado positivo para el medio ambiente.
China, como foco inicial de la epidemia, es el país más afectado. Desde que se detectara el primer caso del COVID-19, además de los más de 80.000 infectados y de las más de 3.000 víctimas, la economía nacional se ha visto paralizada. Como consecuencia, según informa un reciente estudio del medio especializado Carbon Brief, las emisiones de CO2 en China se podrían haber reducido en al menos una cuarta parte. Las drásticas medidas de contención y las restricciones a la circulación para frenar la epidemia, además de provocar que las fábricas permanezcan inactivas o hayan reducido significativamente su producción, han originado que el consumo de energía y las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI) hayan disminuido en 100 millones de toneladas en comparación con el mismo período del año pasado.
Carbon Brief también analiza el descenso del número de vuelos domésticos provocado por el COVID-19 y lo cifra en una caída del 70%. Según el análisis, dichas suspensiones pueden haber supuesto un descenso de emisiones en el sector a nivel global del 11% durante las últimas semanas.
Según otro estudio, realizado esta vez por expertos del Centro de Investigación sobre Energía y Aire Limpio (CREA) con sede en Finlandia, si bien en las dos semanas siguientes a las vacaciones de Año Nuevo en 2019, China había emitido 400 millones de toneladas de CO2 equivalente, dicha cifra se reduce a cerca de 300 millones en las semanas comprendidas entre el 3 y el 16 de febrero de 2020. «La reducción del consumo de carbón y petróleo muestra una reducción de, al menos, un 25% de las emisiones con respecto al período comparable el año pasado», equivalente a una reducción del 6% de las emisiones mundiales durante el período, señala el estudio.
The Transition Pathway Initiative (TPI) has published a Research about the progresses of industrial companies in their emission reduction goals and their alignment with the pledges of the Paris Agreement.
The TPI analyses 72 companies in Carbon Performance across paper, cement, steel and aluminium sectors; and 100 companies in Management Quality on climate across paper, cement, steel, aluminium and chemicals sectors. These are considered high-emitting industry sectors, and together produce over 2/3 of direct industrial CO2 emissions.
The main conclusions obtained from the report are:
Only 19% of the largest publicly listed industrial companies are aligned with a pathway to keep global warming to 2⁰C or below.
29% of companies are set to align their emissions with the Paris Pledges by 2030 – up from 24% in 2018. The number of cement companies aligned with the pledges has more than doubled since 2018.
There has been no improvement in the carbon performance of the aluminium or steel sectors, and industry as a whole is moving too slowly to limit warming to 2⁰C or below.
Some other conclusions drawn from the report are listed below:
The proportion of companies disclosing their emissions has increased from 61% in 2018 to 76%. Much of this improvement comes from companies listed in Asia (specially China) and Russia.
More companies are setting long-term reduction targets. In 2018 only 5 industrial companies had set a 2030 target that was aligned with the Paris Pledges or better. Now 14 companies have done so.
Particular improvements are visible in the cement sector – where the number of companies aligned with the Paris Pledges or better has risen from 2 to 5 since 2018; and in paper, where 10 of 18 companies are now aligned with the pledges or better.
The steel sector has shown a significant improvement in climate management quality. Its average management quality score has risen from 1.8 in mid-2017, to 2.4 this year. However, it has not improved its Carbon Performance, with only 6 out of 24 companies still aligned with the Paris Pledges.
At 3.0, the chemicals sector has the highest average management quality score of all sectors assessed by TPI. Yet the largest chemicals company by market capitalisation, DowDuPont, is only on Level 1.
Climate Change Atelier and IDOM were awarded to support Honduras NDC Partnership Plan by defining implementation pathway for NDC prioritized measures.
The general objectives of this work consist on support the GoH in the implementation of the mitigation component of the NDC, as well as the advance implementation of the NDC Partnership Plan. Specifically, the consultancy aims to:
Identify barriers and opportunities for the implementation of the NDC prioritized mitigation policies and measures in the LULUCF, Energy and Agriculture sectors;
Develop implementation pathways for the prioritized policies and measures in the selected sectors that promote adaptation-mitigation synergies and provide recommendations to include gender aspects;
Build capacity on mitigation planning and implementation.
During last week (20th – 25th January), Jose Manuel Ramírez García (IDOM) and Juan José Rincón Cristobal (CC Atelier) moved to Tegucigalpa in order to carry out the first capacity building workshop of the project. In addition, they visited, with the World Bank team, other rural areas (Marcala and La Esperanza) in order to see and learn about usual and good practices related to the coffee cultivation and reforestation.
The main objectives of this mission have been:
Coordination meetings with the World Bank
Bilateral meetings with the key stakeholders to identify and define the specific interventions for implementation
Barriers validation workshops
Technical visits to Marcala and La Esperanza
The workshops had benefited from broad participation by the stakeholders, which were involved in the discussions and provided a better understanding of the national circumstances related to the prioritized mitigation projects, their legislation, the governance, etc.
As a Spanish company, IDOM’s participation at COP25 is indeed opportune. The company is actively taking part of the activities happening in Madrid.
Projects in progress or recently completed by IDOM have been presented at the Conference. Relevant initiatives such as Peru’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) or the Definition of Mechanisms and Networks for Climate Technology Transfer in Latin America and Caribbean (transportation sector) were exposed in side events.
IDOM’s professional staff were present at the Conference, where some interesting initiatives and developments were proposed to tackle forthcoming climate uncertainties.
In future posts, a general assessment of the activities and outcomes that happened during these few days will be shared, with the main focus on the results of the high-level negotiations and their possible short and mid-term consequences.
So far, a widespread feeling throughout every national delegation could be reported in advance: There’s an urgent need to decidedly act towards a more socially responsible future, decarbonized and adapted with a minimum impact to the uncertainties of climate variability, in fact already altered climate by developmentalism.
The ISWA (International Solid Waste Association) World Congress is a global meeting which includes high level plenaries as well as technical site visits and a cultural and social programme where waste management professionals, government officials, industry leaders, policy makers, scientists and young professionals meet to exchange views and opinions to advance scientific and technical knowledge for sustainable solid waste management.
IDOM has participated in this congress as speaker, presenting the study named “Comparative Live Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Contribution to Climate Change of household and commercial waste management in Gipuzkoa”.
The presented study consists on an environmental impact analysis of two different types of waste management systems using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. The management systems studied are a landfill-based model versus a centralized model where waste is processed at a Mechanical and Biological Treatment (MBT), Waste-to-Energy (WtE) and Anaerobic Digestion (AD) plants. The LCA methodology was applied to make a comparative analysis of both systems in accordance with ISO 14044 standards. The use of these standards is becoming frequent by multilateral organizations when it comes to assessing the feasibility of investment projects.
The system boundaries have been set at the waste transfer stations and waste disposal sites. The results of the study reveal the importance of transport optimization during the entire waste management cycle. The Environmental performance of the centralized model is seen to be better because of transport optimization, the sub-products obtained (i.e. recyclables, compost and aggregates for road construction), and electricity produced.